Depression has been classified as mood disorder. It can be described as feeling loss, or angry and sadness that interfere with person’s everyday activities. Depression is fair common among individuals particularly teenagers, working class adults, and the elderlies.
According to the Centre for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), about 8.1% of American adults ages 20 and over had depression in any two-week period from 2013 to 2016.
Everyone experiences depression differently. It may interfere with person daily work, resulting in lower productivity and lost in time. It also can influence relationships and some chronic health conditions. Conditions that can get worse due to depression include:
We should understand that, feeling down at times is normal, it’s part of life. Upsetting and sad events happens to everyone. But if you’re always feeling down, miserable or hopeless on a regular basis, you could be dealing with depression. If this happens to you on a daily basis, you should try and talk to someone or a doctor for advice.
Depression is a serious medical condition, and it can get worse without proper treatment. Those that seek treatment often see improvement in symptoms in just few weeks.
Symptoms of depression
Depression is more than feeling blue or constant state of sadness.
Severe depression can cause a variety of symptoms. Some affects our mood, and others affects our body. Depression can affect everyone men, women and even children differently.
Symptoms of depression in men may include:
Emotional: sad, hopeless, feeling empty.
Mood: aggressiveness, irritability, anxiousness, restlessness, anger
Sexual: reduced sexual desire, lack of sexual performance
Cognitive: difficulty completing tasks, delayed responses during conversation, inability to concentrate
Sleep: restless sleep, excessive sleepiness, not sleeping through the night, insomnia
Physical: pains, headache, digestive problems, fatigue
Symptoms of depression in Women may include:
- Mood: irritability
- Emotional: feeling sad or empty, anxious or hopeless
- Behavioural: loss of interest in activities, withdrawing from social engagements, thoughts of suicide
- Cognitive: thinking or talking more slowly
- Sleep: difficulty sleeping through the night, waking early, sleeping too much
- Physical: decreased energy, greater fatigue, changes in appetite, weight changes, aches, pain, headaches, increased cramps
Symptoms of depression in children may include:
- Mood: irritability, anger, mood swings, crying
- Emotional: feelings of incompetence (e.g. “I can’t do anything right”) or despair, crying, intense sadness
- Behavioural: getting into trouble at school or refusing to go to school, avoiding friends or siblings, thoughts of death or suicide
- Cognitive: difficulty concentrating, decline in school performance, changes in grades
- Sleep: difficulty sleeping or sleeping too much
- Physical: loss of energy, digestive problems, changes in appetite, weight loss or gain.
There are several possible causes of depression. They can range from biological to circumstantial.
Common causes include:
- Family history. You’re at a higher risk for developing depression if you have a family history of depression or another mood disorder.
- Early childhood trauma. Some events impact the way that body reacts to fear and stressful situations.
- Brain structure. There’s a greater risk for depression if the frontal lobe of your brain is less active. However, scientists don’t know if this happens before or after the onset of depressive symptoms.
- Medical conditions. Certain conditions may put you at higher risk, such as chronic illness, insomnia, chronic pain, or attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).
- Drug use. A history of drug or alcohol misuse can impact your risk.
You can also watch to this short video by Dr Peter Fuggle. It’s beneficial and may help you understand low mood or depression better.
If you think you have depression or want to know more about depression, please talk to you doctor or physician. for more information on this topic check the NHS website.